Rabu, 01 Januari 2014

Effect of rule choice in dynamic interactive spatial commons



International Journal of the Commons
Vol. 2, no 2 July 2008, pp. 288–312
Publisher: Igitur, Utrecht Publishing & Archiving Services for IASC
URL:http://www.thecommonsjournal.org
URN:NBN:NL:UI:10-IJC-08014
Copyright:content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
ISSN: 1875-0281


Effect of rule choice in dynamic interactive spatial commons

Marco A. Janssen, School of Human Evolution and Social Change & School of Computing and Informatics Arizona State University, Tempe .Marco.Janssen@asu.edu
Robert L. Goldstone, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Program in Cognitive Science Indiana University, Bloomington. RGoldsto@indiana.edu
Filippo Menczer, School of Informatics Indiana University, Bloomington. Fil@indiana.edu
Elinor Ostrom, Department of Political Science and Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis Indiana University, Bloomington. Ostrom@indiana.edu

Abstract:This paper uses laboratory experiments to examine the effect of an endogenous rule change from open access to private property as a potential solution to overharvesting in commons dilemmas. A novel, spatial, real-time renewable resource environment was used to investigate whether participants were willing to invest in changing the rules from an open access situation to a private property system. We found that half of the participants invested in creating private property arrangements. Groups who had experienced private property in the second round of the experiment, made different decisions in the third round when open access was reinstituted in contrast to groups who experienced three rounds of open access. At the group level, earnings increased in Round 3, but this was at a cost of more inequality. No significant differences in outcomes occurred between experiments where rules were imposed by the experimental design or chosen by participants.
Keywords:Common-pool resources, institutional change, laboratory experiments, open access, private property